Valley of Flowers, Uttarakhand
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Falling under the national park category of India, Valley of Flowers National Park was established in 1982 and is located in Chamoli in the state of Uttarakhand. Spanning over an area of 88 sq. km, it is notable for its natural beauty, lush meadows, endangered animals, and endemic alpine flowers. Together, the soft terrain of the Valley of Flowers National Park and the untamed mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park make up a special transition zone between the Zanskar and Great Himalayan mountain ranges.
The Valley of Flowers World Heritage Site is located at an impressive elevation of roughly 11,000 feet, with the majestic Zanskar Range serving as its backdrop. It is formed by the Pushpawati stream and is situated between Zanskar, the Western and Eastern Himalayas, and the Himalayan ranges’ transition point. Numerous shrubs, orchids, and plants in stunning shades can also be found, in addition to well-known fern species, dwarf iris, dwarf larkspur, dwarf rhododendrons, primula, and blue poppies. Ensconced in the Himalayas, the park is a haven of wilderness. The park is spread out along the region where the Western and Eastern Himalayas meet, and it is made up of glaciers and tall mountain peaks. It was listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1988.
Nearby Places to See
The Sikh community holds Hemkund Sahib, formally known as Gurudwara Sri Hemkund Sahib, in the highest regard as a place of pilgrimage. Guru Gobind Singh ji, the tenth guru of the Sikhs, is said to have meditated here for ten years. The stunning setting of the religious site, encircled by the Garhwal Himalayas, contributes to its popularity. It is nestled between the peaks of the Hemkund Parvat. The name “Hemkund” means “lake of snow,” and the waters are actually ice cold. The gurudwara is visited by a large number of devotees from all corners of the country before it closes down for the winter season between October and April. Sikh pilgrims arrive at the gurudwara to assist in mending the trail, which is often left damaged after the winter season. Devotees bathe in the serene lake that is part of the gurudwara.
It is located close to the Gurudwara Hemkund Sahib and is about 14,000 feet above sea level. The spotless lake is encircled by seven hills known as Sapta Rishis (Seven Sages). It is a well-known Sikh pilgrimage site. The location is only open for 5 months, from May to September.
It is a small village 5 km before the Valley of Flowers that is well-liked by trekkers. It is reached after a 13 km hike from a location called Govindghat and is perched at an altitude of 3049 m. The picturesque village serves as a much-needed respite for travellers en route to Valley of Flowers.